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An examination of a piece of land’s potential for the production of crops in a manner that is both environmentally responsible and economically viable is known as a crop suitability, and it is an essential component of the development of an efficient agricultural management plan. The purpose of this research is to undertake crop suitability analysis of prominent Kharif (rice and maize) and Rabi (potato and wheat) crops and recommend an appropriate planting pattern to avoid the harmful impacts of flooding. The analysis of biofertilizer on crops in Kharif and Rabi seasons includes the assessment of biofertilizer influence and the examination of its efficacy.

This research took into account a number of different aspects, including soil drainage, soil depth, soil wetness, soil texture, soil permeability, soil pH, the potential for soil erosion, the soil’s nutrient status, and the risk of flooding. The analytical hierarchy technique determined each factor’s importance, and each subfactor’s score was based on crop growth in that location. Each crop followed this procedure. Crop fit maps were created using a weighted layer assessment of the environment to divide favourable crop-growing areas into four categories.

Researchers were able to figure out the best way to farm in the study area during the Kharif and Rabi seasons by putting crop fit data for all crops into a geographic information system. The analysis of biofertilizer includes the assessment of its influence and the examination of its efficacy.

Keywords: Crops, Biofertilizers, Kharif season, Rabi season, Agriculture


The analysis of biofertilizer on crops in Kharif and Rabi seasons:

Biofertilizers are vital in agriculture since they are live creatures with a variety of microbial cells. They are produced using active and dormant microbial strains that may help absorb nutrients from the root rhizosphere zone and, more critically, fix nutrients from the atmosphere. They’re biofertilizers.

Beneficial microbes contribute to the ecology in several ways. Biofertilizers may be applied directly to soil or mixed with organic manures before sowing seeds. Seed treatment occurs regardless.

Rain-dependent crops are called Rabi in Hindi. They are sown between September and November and harvested between April and May. Rabi crops include wheat, maize, barley, gram, and mustard. India is China’s second-largest wheat producer. Agriculture revenue depends on this rabi crop.

Wheat is the main source of sustenance in northern India. Wheat needs 14–18 degrees Celsius to grow. Precipitation must be 50–90 millimeters. Wheat must be picked under clear sky and somewhat warm temperatures.

Kharif crops from June to September, summer rains and other kinds of rain water Kharif crops. Even though Kharif crops produce a lot, the foods they produce are of low quality and can be turned into wheat bread, rice, etc. During Kharif, crops like cotton, sugarcane, jute, tea, and coffee do well. Kharif crops, which are also called “fall crops,” can be grown and harvested during the rainy season.
The farmer plants seeds in the monsoon season and harvests them at the end. around September and October. Kharif crops need plenty of rain and mild temps.

  • To harness the diverse microorganisms in agricultural ecosystems to apply biofertilizers in various contexts.
  • To investigate how different methods of soil management affect the functions of soil microbes and the overall health of the soil.
  • To advance biofertilizer technology in order to guarantee a high level of quality and to enhance delivery.
  • To broaden research on biofertilizers and their use in arid territories, degraded soils, and locations inhabited by indigenous peoples.


It is a crop of grain that is grown in many different regions across the world. The high nutritious content of the food has the potential to be of tremendous benefit to both people and animals.

Scientists, researchers, and politicians face a big challenge from climate change and its hazards on agricultural productivity. These impacts are beneficial or bad. Agricultural crops and growth may vary according to seasonal soil moisture and dryness.

Rhizobium species may have helped bacteria that fix phosphate dissolve phosphate. Aspergillus, Bacillus, and Pseudomonas all make phosphorus for this process. Plants get phosphorus from reactive chemicals and organic acids that bacteria make. So, the growth of plants is helped, which lets more food be grown.How much water is available for kharif and rabi crops and how much water they need depends on how much rain falls and how much water is lost through evaporation.

This study shows how important it is to have good plans and ways to save yearly rain and rain from the wet season so it can be used in the dry months. Changes in rainfall and evaporation impact kharif and rabi crop water availability and demand.

This set-up meets the needs of crops for water in the soil and increases farming yield. To replace nitrates, crops need chemical fertilizers. If circumstances are right, bio-fertilizers provide nitrates to the crop throughout its development cycle in the field. Plants need nitrogen.


The possibility of using biofertilizers is a key part of keeping soil systems productive and long-lasting, which in turn helps the crop’s output potential grow. It is an easy-to-use resource that is good for farmers, the environment, the economy, and a wide range of foods, and it does all of these things. The assessment of biofertilizer influence involves the examination of its efficacy.

Because they are necessary for the process of fixing atmospheric nutrients in plants, biofertilizers are beneficial to the development of pulse crops. This is because of this process. You can either treat the seeds with these biofertilizers or apply them directly to the soil where the plants will grow.

Fixing plant nutrients takes a lot of different biofertilizer types, each of which has a different job to do. They might help crops, especially legumes, grow and produce more, which could be helpful. Conclusion. Biofertilizers are better than artificial fertilizers and should always be used instead of them. The chemicals are bad for the land and the fruits it helps grow. They are also bad for the animals that eat the fruits and vegetables grown on that land.

This study looked at whether croplands were good for Kharif season crops (rice and corn) and Rabi season crops (potatoes and wheat). It also suggested the best ways for flood-prone areas to farm during the two seasons.

Findings of the study:

The analysis of biofertilizer on crops in Kharif and Rabi seasons includes the assessment of biofertilizer influence and the examination of its efficacy.

The area being looked at is a good place to grow rice, according to the study. But during the Kharif season, there isn’t a single good place to grow corn in the area being looked at. In a similar way, the study area is a great place for growing potatoes. But during the Rabi season, there isn’t a single piece of land in the study area that is good for growing wheat.

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